Knee pain: An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a tear in the ACL ligament. The ACL is located in the middle of the knee joint. It connects the lower leg bone to the thigh bone. It stabilizes the knee and prevents the lower leg bone from sliding too far forward at the knee.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a condition in which pain is felt under the kneecap. The patella is the bone that makes up the kneecap. The femur is the thigh bone. This bone forms the upper part of the knee. In people with patellofemoral pain syndrome, the patella rubs painfully against the femur.

This pain occurs during exercise or movement. It is most common during weight bearing activities such as running.
A meniscal tear is a tear in the meniscus. The meniscus is cartilage, which acts as a shock-absorbing structure in the knee. There are two menisci in each knee, a medial one on the inside, and a lateral one on the outside.
 There are different types of tears depending on the location and how they look. Treatment depends on the severity of the tear.
Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) is an overuse injury. The injury happens in the soft tissues in the lower thigh, near the outside of the knee. The iliotibial band (ITB) is a thick band of fibrous tissue, running from the hip down the outside of the thigh and attaching to the tibia. The tibia is the large bone of the lower leg.   Treatment depends on the severity of the injury.
Osgood-Schlatter disease is inflammation of the bone and surrounding soft tissue just below the knee. It occurs at the point where the shinbone attaches to the tendon of the kneecap.



Shoulder pain: 
A rotator cuff injury may include tendinitis, strain, or tear of the rotator cuff. The rotator cuff is made up of muscles and four separate tendons that fuse together to surround the shoulder joint.
 


Back pain: Discs are small circular cushions between the bones in the spine (vertebrae). A herniated disc happens when discs in the spine bulge from their proper place. This is most common in the lower spine.
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal. The spinal canal is located in the backbone and is a small space that holds the nerve roots and spinal cord. If this space becomes compressed, it can squeeze both the nerves and the spinal cord. This causes pain and other symptoms. Stenosis can occur anywhere along the spinal cord, but is most common in the low back (lumbar) region.
The sciatic nerve begins from the lower spine on both sides of the body. It travels deep in the pelvis to the lower buttocks. From there, it passes along the back of each upper leg and divides at the knee into branches that go to the feet. Sciatica is an irritation of the sciatic nerve.
 


Osteoarthritis spine: Articular cartilage is the tissue located at the end of bones. It can deteriorate over time causing a common condition called osteoarthritis. It can become worse over time and in many people, can become debilitating.
 Normally, cartilage is the shock absorber in a joint. It absorbs energy from jarring movement, protecting the bone and other tissue in the area. Cartilage is naturally a very slippery material. It helps the joint glide smoothly. When the cartilage begins to show wear and tear, the lining of the joint becomes inflamed and painful. This makes the joint stiff.
 Osteoarthritis is an extremely common ailment of aging. In fact, it’s the most common joint condition throughout the world.
 


Elbow pain: Lateral epicondylitis is pain at the elbow. The pain occurs over the bone on the outside of the elbow. There are several muscles and tendons that attach on this area of the bone.
This condition is often called tennis elbow, but it is not restricted to people who play tennis. It can also occur in people with jobs that require repetitive motions such as roofers and carpenters.



Ankle/Foot:  Achilles tendonitis
Tendons connect muscle to bone and often connect near a joint. Tendinopathy is an injury to the tendon. It can cause pain and swelling and makes it difficult to move. Tendinopathy may be:

Tendonitis: An inflammation of the tendon. Although this term is used often, most cases of tendinopathy are not associated with significant inflammation.
  
Tendonosis: Microtears in the tendon tissue with no significant inflammation.
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Plantar fasciitis: The plantar fascia is a thick band of tissue attached to the heel bone. It supports the arch of the foot. Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of this plantar fascia.   It causes pain in the heel of the foot. Treatment depends on the severity of the condition.



Neuropathy: Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage associated with diabetes. It results in damage to the nerves in a person’s feet, legs, and eyes, and to the nerves that control bodily functions, such as digestion, blood pressure, and heart rate. Diabetic neuropathy can lead to serious complications, including ulcers, infection, and limb loss.



Incontinence: Our female staff at Clark PT treats 3 types of urinary incontinence.  Many adult women and men suffer from incontinent episodes often after surgery or from the birth of a child.  
Overflow, Stress, & Urge are all typical types of incontinence that is treatable by physical therapy.



Falls prevention:  in the US; nearly one in three seniors living in their own home or the home of adult children caregivers suffers from a serious elderly fall at least once every year.
 At Clark PT we have specifically designed programs that help reduce the risk of falling by:
•Assessing your risk of falling
•Helping you make your home as safe as possible
•Educating you about the medical risk factors linked to falls
•Designing individualized exercises and balance training
•Working with other health care professionals and community services to create programs for people who want to reduce their risk of falling

How Can a Physical Therapist Help?
If you are worried about falling or if you recently fell, your physical therapist can conduct a brief check ("screening") of your fall risk. If the screening shows that you are at risk, the therapist will perform a thorough evaluation, including:
•A review of your medical history
•A review of your medications
•A simple vision test
•A home safety assessment
•A simple screen of your thinking abilities
•A check of your heart rate
•Blood pressure measurements while you change positions (from sitting to standing)
•Feet and footwear assessment
•Assessment of any nervous system disorders, such as stroke or Parkinson disease
Measure your leg strength, using simple tests such as timing how long it takes you to risk from a chair
•Determine how quickly and steadily you walk
•Assess your balance—for instance, by having you stand on one leg or rise from a chair and walk
•Use special tests to measure your balance

Based on the evaluation results, your physical therapist will design an exercise and training program to improve your balance and strength.



Balance Training: Balance training has been shown to be an important and effective part of falls prevention. Your physical therapist will design exercises that challenge your ability to keep your balance; including such exercises as single-leg standing, walking and moving, obstacle courses, and doing more than one thing at the same time—safely.
Older adults who have difficulty walking and talking at the same time are at a higher risk of falling. To help increase your safety during daily activities, your physical therapist can design a "dual-task" training program.



Strength Training: Strengthening exercises are a key element of fall prevention when they are done in conjunction with balance training. Your physical therapist will design strengthening exercises that focus on your leg and the muscles used in maintaining posture.



Aerobic Training: Aerobic exercise is physical exercise of relatively low intensity and long duration; it can help improve almost every aspect of your health. Walking is one of the safest forms of aerobic exercise, no matter what kind of problem you have. Once you have begun your strengthening and balance program, your physical therapist will know when you're ready to start aerobic exercise. Depending on your ability, the therapist might have you do three 30-minute walking sessions each week.



Education: Your physical therapist will take the time to explain to you how to best manage your own risks for falling. Your therapist also may talk to you about the best activities for you to do to maintain your quality of life.